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Friday, 28 October 2016
Innovation in poly(vinyl acetate) water resistant D3 glues used in wood industry
Published Date October 2016, Vol.70:102–109,doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2016.06.003 Author
Fabio Chiozza a,
Benedetto Pizzo b,,
aVinavil S.p.A, via Toce, 7, Villadossola, VB, Italy
bCNR-IVALSA, Istituto per la valorizzazione del legno e delle specie arboree (Trees and timber Institute), via Madonna del Piano, 10, I-50019, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
Accepted 6 June 2016. Available online 11 June 2016.
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) water-resistant glues used in the wood industry and belonging to the class of durability D3 show high resistance to both water and heat compared to the usual PVAc-based thermoplastic products. In conventionally synthesised adhesives this is attained by means of cross-linking (although limited) of the linear polymer chains and moreover by using inorganic salts, such as aluminium chloride.
The paper illustrates the limits of these products and presents the prospects in the chemistry of industrial-grade D3-class PVAc adhesives. More in detail, it is shown how the individual roles of both cross-linking agent and aluminium chloride contribute to the occurrence of recurring inconveniences characterising conventional PVAc-D3 glues, which include formaldehyde release during time (mostly related to the curing agent), glueline colouring and indirect staining of wood (both are mostly evident in selected wood species, in the presence of either heat or UV irradiation), acidic pH, and equipment corrosion (related to the presence of aluminium chloride).
Understanding those mechanisms has constituted the basis for the development of newly synthesised PVAc-D3 glues, whose characterisation is expressly reported in the present work. Such systems have shown good adhesion to wood surfaces and have exhibited neither corrosive nor chromatic alteration evidences, as well as absence of formaldehyde emissions. All these occurrences were verified by specific tests, such as corrosion on steel, measurements of the formaldehyde content of the dispersion, and emissions from panel boards, and glueline exposure to both temperature and UV irradiation after application in selected wood species.