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Montmorillonite reinforced phenol formaldehyde resin: Preparation, characterization, and application in wood bonding
Published Date March 2014, Vol.49:33–37,doi:10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2013.12.011 Author
Qun Fang a,b,,
Hui-wang Cui b,c,d,e,,
Guan-ben Du b,c
aSchool of Engineering, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an 311300, Zhejiang, China
bSouthwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, Yunnan, China
cCollege of Wood Science and Technology, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, Jiangsu, China
dDepartment of Material and Optoelectronic Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, 804 Kaohsiung, Taiwan
eInstitute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki 565-0047, Osaka, Japan
Accepted 30 September 2013. Available online 12 December 2013.
In this study, the montmorillonite (MMT) reinforced phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin intercalated nano-composite of PF–MMT was prepared from phenol, formaldehyde, and pristine MMT. We then introduced this PF–MMT into the production of plywood from Simao Pine veneers. Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal mechanical analysis (TMA), and bonding strength revealed the related structure, curing, and mechanical properties. The thermoplastic PF with a linear structure entered the MMT layers and then formed the network structure after cured. The wet bonding strength and modulus of elasticity (MOE) of plywood were improved significantly. This preparation is simple and easy, and can be applied in the production of wood industry.