Tuesday, 4 October 2016

Rehabilitation of Degraded Tropical Rainforest Using Dipterocarp Trees in Sarawak, Malaysia

1United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8566, Japan
2Tokushima Center for Climate Change Actions, 1-23 Higashiokinosu, Tokushima 770-0873, Japan
3Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba 305-8687, Japan
4Forest Department Sarawak, 8th Floor, Wisma Sumber Alam, Jalan Stadium, Petra Jaya, 93660 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
5Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8566, Japan
6Faculty of Agriculture, Kochi University, Nankoku 783-8502, Japan

Linked References

  1. T. C. Whitmore, An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1998.
  2. L. M. Curran, S. N. Trigg, A. K. McDonald et al., “Lowland forest loss in protected areas of indonesian borneo,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5660, pp. 1000–1003, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. J. Wright, “Tropical forests in a changing environment,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 553–560, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Kenzo, T. Ichie, T. Ozawa et al., “Leaf physiological and morphological responses of seven dipterocarp seedlings to degraded forest environments in Sarawak, Malaysia: a case study of forest rehabilitation practice,” Tropics, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2007.View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Appanah and G. Weinland, “Planting quality timber trees in peninsular Malaysia. A review,” Malayan Foresters Records 38, FRIM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  6. C. J. Kettle, “Ecological considerations for using dipterocarps for restoration of lowland rainforest in Southeast Asia,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1137–1151, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Lamb, P. D. Erskine, and J. A. Parrotta, “Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5754, pp. 1628–1632, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. F. Fisher, “Amelioration of degraded rain forest soils by plantations of native trees,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 544–549, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Castro, R. Zamora, J. A. Hódar, and J. M. Gómez, “Use of shrubs as nurse plants: a new technique for reforestation in Mediterranean Mountains,” Restoration Ecology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 297–305, 2002.View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Elliott, P. Navakitbumrung, C. Kuarak, S. Zangkum, V. Anusarnsunthorn, and D. Blakesley, “Selecting framework tree species for restoring seasonally dry tropical forests in northern Thailand based on field performance,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 184, no. 1–3, pp. 177–191, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Kitao, R. Yoneda, H. Tobita et al., “Susceptibility to photoinhibition in seedlings of six tropical fruit tree species native to Malaysia following transplantation to a degraded land,” Trees, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 601–610, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Kenzo, R. Yoneda, Y. Matsumoto, M. A. Azani, and N. M. Majid, “Leaf photosynthetic and growth responses on four tropical tree species to different light conditions in degraded tropical secondary forest, Peninsular Malaysia,” Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 299–306, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Lamb, Regreening the Bare Hills, Springer, Business Media, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  14. I. C. Baillie, P. S. Ashton, M. N. Court, J. A. R. Anderson, E. A. Fitzpatrick, and J. Tinsley, “Site characteristics and the distribution of tree species in mixed dipterocarp forest on tertiary sediments in central sarawak, Malaysia,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 201–220, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. J. Davies, P. A. Palmiotto, P. S. Ashton, H. S. Lee, and J. V. Lafrankie, “Comparative ecology of 11 sympatric species of Macaranga in Borneo: tree distribution in relation to horizontal and vertical resource heterogeneity,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 662–673, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. J. Davies, “Tree mortality and growth in 11 sympatric Macarangaspecies in Borneo,” Ecology, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 920–932, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. A. Palmiotto, S. J. Davies, K. A. Vogt, M. S. Ashton, D. J. Vogt, and P. S. Ashton, “Soil-related habitat specialization in dipterocarp rain forest tree species in Borneo,” Journal of Ecology, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 609–623, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Kenzo, T. Ichie, Y. Watanabe, R. Yoneda, I. Ninomiya, and T. Koike, “Changes in photosynthesis and leaf characteristics with tree height in five dipterocarp species in a tropical rain forest,” Tree Physiology, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 865–873, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Evans, “Introduction,” in Plantation Forestry in the Tropics, pp. 3–11, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  20. D. Hattori, T. Kenzo, N. Yamauchi et al., “Effects of environmental factors on growth and mortality of Parashorea macrophylla(Dipterocarpaceae) planted on slopes and valleys in a degraded tropical secondary forest in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 59, pp. 218–228, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  21. P. S. Ashton, “Dipterocarpaceae,” in Flora Malesiana. Series 1: Spermatophyta, vol. 9 of Systematic Revisions, pp. 237–552, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  22. S. Sasaki and T. Mori, “Growth responses of dipterocarp seedlings to light,” Malaysian Forester, vol. 44, pp. 319–345, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  23. C. F. Symington, “Foresters’ manual of dipterocarps,” Malayan Foresters Records 16, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. M. S. Ashton, S. Gamage, I. A. U. N. Gunatilleke, and C. V. S. Gunatilleke, “Restoration of a Sri Lankan rainforest: using Carribean pine Pinus caribaea as a nurse for establishing late-successional tree species,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 915–925, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Otsamo, “Effect of nurse tree species on early growth of Anisoptera marginata Korth. (Dipterocarpaceae) on an Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. grassland site in South Kalimantan, Indonesia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 105, no. 1–3, pp. 303–311, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Norisada, G. Hitsuma, K. Kuroda et al., “Acacia mangium, a nurse tree candidate for reforestation on degraded sandy soils in the Malay Peninsula,” Forest Science, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 498–510, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Ådjers, S. Hadengganan, J. Kuusipalo, K. Nuryanto, and L. Vesa, “Enrichment planting of dipterocarps in logged-over secondary forests: effect of width, direction and maintenance method of planting line on selected Shorea species,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 73, no. 1–3, pp. 259–270, 1995. View at Publisher· View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Kenzo, R. Yoneda, Y. Matsumoto, A. M. Azani, and M. N. Majid, “Growth and photosynthetic response of four Malaysian indigenous tree species under different light conditions,” Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 271–281, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. I. Ninomiya, K. Sakurai, K. Harada, J. J. Kendawang, H. S. Lee, and K. Ogino, “Island and corridor planting system in ecosystem rehabilitation,” in Proceedings of the Workshop on Forest Ecosystem Rehabilitation Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, pp. 18–21, Forest Department Sarawak, Kuching, Malaysia, November 1999.
  30. D. Hattori, T. Kenzo, J. J. Kendawang et al., “Effects of light intensity and soil physico-chemical properties on seedling mortality and growth of six dipterocarp species planted for rehabilitation of degraded grassland, secondary forest and logged forest in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Japanese Journal of Forest Environment, vol. 51, pp. 105–115, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  31. E. Salati, T. E. Lovejoy, and P. B. Vose, “Precipitation and water recycling in tropical rain forests with special reference to the amazon basim,” The Environmentalist, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Agriculture Consultancy, Semi-Detailed Soil Survey of Niah Agroforestory Area, KTA Agriculture Consultancy Sdn Bhd, Kuching, Malaysia, 1993.
  33. I. C. Baillie, “Report on a detailed examination of soils of silvicultural research plot 53,” Niah Forest Reserve, Forest Department Sarawak, Soil Survey Research Section, Kuching, Malaysia, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  34. Soil Survey Staff, Keys to Soil Taxonomy, Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg, Va, USA, 1999.
  35. T. Kenzo, Studies on ecophysiological properties related to photosynthesis of Dipterocarpaceae in tropical rainforest of Sarawak [Ph.D. thesis], Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan, 2004.
  36. J. A. Mckeague and J. H. Day, “Dithionite- and oxalate-extractable Fe and Al as aids in differentiating various classes of soils,” Journal of Soil Science, vol. 46, pp. 13–22, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  37. O. P. Mehra and M. L. Jackson, “Iron oxide removal from soils and clays by a dithionite-citrate system buffered with sodium bicarbonate,” Clays and Clay Minerals, vol. 7, pp. 317–327, 1960.View at Google Scholar
  38. K. Sakurai, Y. Ohdate, and K. Kyuma, “Comparison of salt titration and potentiometric titration method for the determination of zero point charge (ZPC),” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 34, pp. 171–182, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  39. S. Ohta, S. Effendi, N. Tanaka, and S. Miura, “Ultisols of lowland dipterocarp forest in east Kalimantan, Indonesia. III clay minerals, free oxides, and exchangeable cations,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 39, pp. 1–12, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  40. A. S. Campbell and U. Schwertmann, “Iron oxide mineralogy of placic horizons,” Journal of Soil Science, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 569–582, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. O. K. Borggaard, “Phase identification by selective dissolution techniques,” in Iron in Soils and Clay Minerals, J. W. Stucki, B. A. Goodman, U. Schwertmann, and D. Reildel, Eds., pp. 83–98, Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  42. K. Sakurai, “Changes in zero point of charge (ZPC) in the weathering process of soil material,” Pedologist, vol. 34, pp. 2–14, 1990 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  43. S. Ishizuka, S. Tanaka, K. Sakurai et al., “Characterization and distribution of soils at Lambir Hills National Park in Sarawak, Malaysia, with special reference to soil hardness and soil texture,” Tropics, vol. 8, pp. 31–44, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  44. S. Ishizuka, K. Sakurai, J. J. Kendawang, and H. S. Lee, “Soil characteristics of an abandoned shifting cultivation land in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Tropics, vol. 10, pp. 251–263, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  45. K. Tahara, M. Norisada, T. Hogetsu, and K. Kojima, “Aluminum tolerance and aluminum-induced deposition of callose and lignin in the root tips of Melaleuca and Eucalyptus species,” Journal of Forest Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 325–333, 2005. View at Publisher· View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. Ohta, K. Morisada, N. Tanaka, Y. Kiyono, and S. Effendi, “Are soils in degraded dipterocarp forest ecosystems deteriorated? A comparison of Imperata grasslands, degraded secondary forests, and primary forests,” in Rainforest Ecosystems of East Kalimantan: El Niño, Drought, Fire and Human Impacts, E. Guhardja, M. Fatawi, M. Sutisna, T. Mori, and S. Ohta, Eds., pp. 49–58, Springer, Tokyo, Japan, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  47. W. Larcher, Physiological Plant Ecology, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2003.
  48. P. Gregory, “Plant root,” in Growth, Activity and Interaction with Soils, p. 318, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  49. S. E. Lee, A. Itoh, M. Kanzaki, and T. Yamakura, “Height growth of Engkabang Jantong, Shorea macrophylla (De Vr.) Ashton, in a plantation forest in Sarawak,” Tropics, vol. 7, no. 1/2, pp. 67–80, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  50. M. A. Alias, M. Z. Hamzah, K. Fujiwara, and S. Meguro, “Rehabilitation of tropical rainforests based on potential natural vegetation species for degraded areas in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Tropics, vol. 7, no. 3/4, pp. 223–239, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  51. S.-I. Meguro and A. Miyawaki, “A study of initial growth behaviour of planted Dipterocarpaceae trees for restoration of tropical rain forests in Borneo/Malaysia,” Tropical Ecology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 237–245, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. D. I. Nicholson, “Light requirements of seedlings of five species of Dipterocarpaceae,” Malaysian Forester, vol. 23, pp. 344–356, 1960.View at Google Scholar
  53. T. Kenzo, T. Ichie, D. Hattori, J. J. Kendawang, K. Sakurai, and I. Ninomiya, “Changes in above- and belowground biomass in early successional tropical secondary forests after shifting cultivation in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 260, no. 5, pp. 875–882, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. S. Brown and A. E. Lugo, “Tropical secondary forests,” Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–32, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. T. Kira and T. Shidei, “Primary production and turnover of organic matter in different forest ecosystems of the western Pacific,” Japanese Journal of Ecology, vol. 17, pp. 70–87, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  56. G. Ådjers, J. Kuusipalo, S. Hadengganan, K. Nuryanto, and L. Vesa, “Performance of ten dipterocarp species in restocking logged-over forest areas subjected to shifting cultivation,” Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 151–160, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. Otsamo, G. Ådjers, T. S. Hadi, J. Kuusipalo, and R. Vuokko, “Evaluation of reforestation potential of 83 tree species planted on Imperata cylindrica dominated grassland: a case study from South Kalimantan, Indonesia,” New Forests, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 127–143, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. A. Vincent and S. J. Davies, “Effects of nutrient addition, mulching and planting-hole size on early performance of Dryobalanops aromatica and Shorea parvifolia planted in secondary forest in Sarawak, Malaysia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 180, no. 1–3, pp. 261–271, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar· View at Scopus
  59. R. Nussbaum, J. Anderson, and T. Spencer, “Factors limiting the growth of indigenous tree seedlings planted on degraded rainforest soils in Sabah, Malaysia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 74, no. 1–3, pp. 149–159, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. M. A. Pinard, M. G. Barker, and J. Tay, “Soil disturbance and post-logging forest recovery on bulldozer paths in Sabah, Malaysia,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 130, no. 1–3, pp. 213–225, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus

For further details log on website :

No comments:

Post a Comment