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Tuesday, 18 October 2016
The physical properties of poly(l-lactide) and functionalized eggshell powder composites
Published Date April 2016, Vol.85:63–73, doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.12.070 Author
Yi Li a,b
Shuangyang Xin b
Yijie Bian b
Kun Xu b
Changyu Han b,,
Lisong Dong b
aCollege of Material Science and Engineering, Jilin Jianzhu University, Changchun 130118, China
bKey Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China
Received 16 November 2015. Revised 14 December 2015. Accepted 20 December 2015. Available online 24 December 2015.
Aiming at improved crystallization performance and simultaneously enhanced solid-state properties of poly(l-lactide) such as mechanical properties and enzymatic hydrolysis. A novel functionalized eggshell powder decorated with calcium phenylphosphonic acid (NES) was synthesized via the chemical reaction between phenylphosphonic acid and calcium ion on the surface of eggshell powder to form effective nucleating surface for poly(l-lactide). The resultant NES was incorporated into PLLA matrix to form fully biodegradable composites by melt blending, which exhibited superior crystallization, mechanical properties, and enzymatic hydrolysis. Upon the addition of 20 wt% NES, the crystallization half-time of a PLLA/NES composite decreased from 27.09 to 0.69 min at 130 °C, compared to that of neat PLLA. The storage and tensile moduli of the composites increased with increasing NES loadings. Even with 20 wt% NES, the composite still exhibited good mechanical properties with tensile strength of 53.4 MPa, tensile modulus of 2460 MPa and elongation at break of 2.5%, respectively. Moreover, it was interesting to find that the enzymatic hydrolytic degradation rates had been enhanced pronouncedly in the PLLA/NES composites than in neat PLLA. Such high performance biocomposites have great potential in expanding the utilization of eggshell powder from sustainable resources and practical application as PLLA-based bioplastic.