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Tuesday, 1 November 2016
Thermal and structural properties of a hemp–lime biocomposite
Published Date November 2013, Vol.48:745–754,doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.07.096 Author
S. Benfratello a
C. Capitano b
G. Peri b
G. Rizzo b
G. Scaccianoce b
G. Sorrentino b,,
aDipartimento dell’Energia, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy
bDipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, Aerospaziale, dei Materiali, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze 9, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Received 4 October 2012. Revised 15 May 2013. Accepted 25 July 2013. Available online 23 August 2013.
We examined different mixture of hemp and lime in order to produce a light concrete.
Both thermal and structural properties have been investigated.
We set an experimental protocol to make samples and measurements reproducible.
The need to reduce greenhouse gases emission produced by the building sector leads to the research of renewable and less impacting materials that can replace traditional ones.
This subject has encouraged new researches on biocomposite concretes with the aim to exploit renewable resources like vegetal fibres intended as materials whose production processes are generally characterized by low costs and energy demand. This biocomposite is obviously much lighter than concrete and, therefore, can be suitably used in such cases where a structure cannot be overloaded, for instance in the realization of a green covering on top of a preexistent building.
In this work, a first analysis of the thermal and structural behaviour of a biocomposite concrete, constituted by a mineral matrix (lime) with the addition of vegetal fibres (hemp), has been carried out, with particular attention to the amount of fibres and its granulometry in the mixture. The drying process contemplate a permanence of the material in a thermostatic chamber.
The analysis carried out shows that hemp can be used both for the realization of insulation panel (hemp fibres alone) and as a construction material (hemp bast and concrete mix). This biocomposite has shown good insulation properties and some mechanical resistance. However, the results show that further analyses should be carried out on the drying process of the material, as it can greatly influences thermal and mechanical properties.