Livelihoods, forests, and conservation
Camille Antinori 1
University of California, Berkeley, USA
David Barton Bray
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Accepted 25 October 2004. Available online 14 July 2005.
Few examples exist in the common property literature of community-managed forestry enterprises (CFEs) operating in competitive markets. Yet, in Mexico, there are hundreds of such examples at varying levels of vertical integration. At a time when devolution of rights to forests is expanding worldwide, collective management of timber operations presents an emerging community forestry policy option. CFEs have unusual institutional features that force a reconsideration of theories of the firm, unique management tensions, varieties of possible institutional arrangements governing stocks, and flows of the natural resource, and may have special importance in delivering both economic equity and environmental protection.
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