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Monday, 21 November 2016
Socio-economic and ecological outcomes of community based forest management: A case study from Tobé-Kpobidon forest in Benin, Western Africa
Published Date March 2016, Vol.64:46–55,doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2016.01.001 Author
Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon a,,
Anne Floquet b,
Roch Mongbo b,
Valère Kolawolé Salako a,
Adandé Belarmain Fandohan c,d,
Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo e,a,
Romain Glèlè Kakaї a,
aLaboratoire de Biomathématiques et d’Estimations Forestières (LABEF), Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 04 BP 1525, Cotonou, Benin
bLaboratoire d’Analyse des Dynamiques Sociales et du Développement (LADYD), Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 02 BP 778 Gbégamey, Cotonou, Benin
cUnité de Foresterie, Agroforesterie et Biogéographie, Ecole de Foresterie et Ingénierie du Bois, Université d'Agriculture de Kétou, BP 43, Kétou, Benin
dAbteilung für Biometrie und Umweltsystemanalyse, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Tennenbacher Str. 4 Freiburg, 79085, Freiburg, Deutschland
eLaboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin
Received 18 June 2015. Revised 1 January 2016. Accepted 4 January 2016. Available online 1 February 2016.
Forest property rights are positively correlated to livelihood of forest dependent communities
There is also a positive relationship between forest property rights and forest conditions
Positive ecological outcome is to be related to economic one.
Without State, technical and financial support could be successfully provided by as NGO
Dependence upon NGO is a major constraint to the sustainability of the approach
Community forestry, promoted as a “win–win” forest management strategy yielded a variety of results that includes both failure and relative success. The willingness of government to hold control over forest resources while transferring only part of property rights to local communities is one of the major constraints. Therefore, there is a need to explore alternative approaches, which enhance the position and accountability of local communities in community forest management. This study evaluated socio-economic and ecological outcomes of community forestry in a context of important property rights conceded to local communities. The study was conducted using focus groups discussions, forest income evaluation and assessment of forest resources and their dynamics. Findings showed that institutional design with important property rights conceded to local communities partially empowered local communities and reduced threats while improving the condition of forest resources. The approach also yielded positive economic outcomes that enabled bordering populations to make up to 25% of their global annual income from the forest. However, the sustainability of this scheme of forest management was mostly limited by the financial dependency on local non-governmental organization, by local institutions and discrepancy in forest benefits sharing among local forest users.