Blog List

Monday, 12 September 2016

Using GIS to Support Multi-Objective Decision Making in Forest Management

Published Date

Volume 6 of the series Managing Forest Ecosystems pp 99-118


Using GIS to Support Multi-Objective Decision Making in Forest Management

An experience from Ghana, West Africa
  • Author 
  • Peter A. Kwaku Kyem


This chapter is about a GIS-based multiple objective evaluation method that was implemented in a community in Southern Ghana to foster collaboration between local groups competing for forest resources. The study adopts decision support procedures available in Idrisi for Windows GIS to settle a dispute over allocation of forest resources. The chapter begins with a brief discussion of decision support techniques available in GIS. Thereafter, a case study illustrating the application of GIS in a multiple objective evaluation involving conflicting objectives is described. The chapter concludes with a review of contributions that GIS made to the dispute settlement process.


  1. Armstrong, M.P., Densham, P.J. and Rushton, P. 1986. Architecture for a micro-computer decision support system. In: Proceedings, of the 2nd International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling Williamsville, New York, 120–131.
  2. Bolan, R.S. 1967. Emerging views on planning. American Institute of Planners 33: 233–245.CrossRef
  3. Carver, S.J. 1991. Integrating multi-criteria evaluation with Geographic Information Systems. International Journal for Geographic Information Systems 5 (3): 221–339.
  4. Collaborative Forest Management Unit. 1993. Collaborative forest management news. CFMU’s Newsletter 2, Kumasi, Ghana, p. 1–3.
  5. Cromley, R. 1994. A comparison of suitability mapping and multi-objective programming techniques for performing spatial searches. The Pennsylvania Geographer 32: 37–46.
  6. Diamond J.T. and Wright J.R. 1988. Design of an integrated spatial information system for multi-objective land use planning. Environment and Planning BPlanning and Design 15: 205–214.CrossRef
  7. Eastman, J.R. 1993. Decision theory and GIS. Proceedings AFRICAGIS ‘83 Conference June, Tunis, Tunisia
  8. Eastman, J.R., Kyem, P.A.K. and Toledano, J. 1993. GIS and Decision Making. Geneva, UNITAR
  9. Eastman, J.R. 1997. Idrisi For WindowsVersion 2.0 Tutorial Exercises, Worcester, MA, Clark Labs, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University.
  10. Eastman, J.R., and Jiang, H. 1996. Fuzzy measures in multi-criteria evaluation. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Spatial Accuracy Assessment in Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, May 21–23, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  11. Falconer, J., Wilson, E.P., Asante, P., Jampo, E.L., Acquah, S.D., Blover, E., Beeko, C., Osson, K. and Lamptey, E. 1994. Non-Timber Forest Products of Southern Ghana, O.D.A Forestry Series No. 2. Prepared by ODA on behalf of Forestry Department, Republic of Ghana.
  12. Heywood, I., Oliver, J. and Thompson, S. 1995. Building and exploratory multi-criteria modeling environment for spatial decision support. In: P. Fisher (ed.) Innovations in GIS 2, London, Taylor and Francis.
  13. Kyem, P.A.K. 1997. A GIS-based Strategy for Improving Local Community Participation in Resource Management, Allocation and Planning: The Case of Institution building for Collaborative Forest Management in Southern Ghana. Ph.D. Thesis, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts.
  14. Kyem, P.A.K. 1999. Examining the discourse about the transfer of GIS technology to traditionally non-western Societies. Social Science Computer Review 17 (1): 69–73.CrossRef
  15. Kyem, P.A.K. 2001. Embedding GIS applications into resource management and planning activities of local communities: A desirable innovation or a destabilizing enterprise? Journal of Planning Education and Research 20 (1): 176–186.
  16. Kyem, P.A.K. 2000. A choice heuristic algorithm for managing land resource allocation problems involving multiple parties and conflicting interests. Transactions in GIS 5 (2): 113–132.
  17. Saaty, T.L. 1977. A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 15: 234–281.CrossRef
  18. Voogd, H. 1983. Multicriteria evaluation for Urban and Regional Planning. Pion Ltd. London.
  19. Wright, J., ReVelle, C. and Cohon, J. 1983. A multi-objective integer programming model for the land acquisition problem. Regional Science and Urban Economics 13: 31–53.CrossRef

For further details log on website :

No comments:

Post a Comment

Mangrove Forest Management & Restoration

The Sabah Forestry Department has conserved most if not all Mangrove Forests under Class V for marine life conservation and as a natural me...