aSchool of Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning Province 116024, PR China
bGraduate School of Management, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610-1477, USA
Received 13 May 2003. Revised 1 January 2004. Accepted 2 January 2004. Available online 20 April 2004.
Globalization results in both pressure and drivers for Chinese enterprises to improve their environmental performance. As a developing country, China has to balance economic and environmental performance. Green supply chain management (GSCM) is emerging to be an important approach for Chinese enterprises to improve performance, possibly on both these dimensions. Using empirical results from 186 respondents on GSCM practice in Chinese manufacturing enterprises, we examine the relationships between GSCM practice and environmental and economic performance. Using moderated hierarchical regression analysis, we evaluate the general relationships between specific GSCM practices and performance. We then investigate how two primary types of management operations philosophies, quality management and just-in-time (or lean) manufacturing principles, influence the relationship between GSCM practices and performance. Significant findings were determined for a number of relationships. Managerial implications are also identified.