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Wednesday, 26 October 2016
Determining thermal physical properties of pyrolyzing New Zealand medium density fibreboard (MDF)
Published Date 24 May 2013, Vol.95:211–220,doi:10.1016/j.ces.2013.03.019 Author
K.Y. Li a,,,
C.M. Fleischmann b
M.J. Spearpoint b
aState Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
bDepartment of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
Received 31 October 2012. Revised 3 February 2013. Accepted 12 March 2013. Available online 22 March 2013.
An empirical equation is developed to determine the vertical density profiles.
The shrinkage and residue mass of char were measured using TGA and Cone.
We measured the specific heat of virgin and charred MDF.
We measured the thermal conductivity of virgin and charred MDF.
We propose a set of properties that is suitable for one dimensional heat transfer .
For modelling the burning behaviour of New Zealand medium density fibreboard (MDF), thermal physical properties of both virgin and charred material have been experimentally investigated. An empirical equation is proposed to predict the vertical density profile along the MDF panel thickness. Then a simplified model is developed to determine the specific heat based on the experimental data obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The measurements for thermal conductivity have been conducted using the transient plane source (TPS) method and the experimental results are compared to the literature values. Finally a set of one dimensional heat transfer experiments have been carried out to validate the proposed models. The comparison of different modelling schemes shows that a combination of the non-uniform vertical density model, the specific heat obtained using DSC and thermal conductivity model of Von Haas and Haselein gives the best predictions to the experimental results for the temperature range assessed.
Compared to virgin MDF, the density distribution along the charred material is more even, leading to a 330 kg/m3local density which is comparable to the measured bulk densities of 305 and 303 kg/m3. The overall volume reduction caused by shrinkage is measured as 40% vertically and 20% horizontally. Experimental investigations show that MDF char has similar thermal physical properties as softwood char. The specific heat of MDF char is measured to be 600–800 J/kg/K from 40 to 110 °C and the experimental measured thermal conductivity of MDF char is 0.09 W/m/K.
Vertical density profile
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