Thursday, 6 October 2016

Effect of different pre-sowing treatments on seed germination percentage and growth performance of Acacia auriculiformis

Published Date
Original Paper
DOI: 10.1007/s11676-011-0147-y

Cite this article as: 
Azad, S., Manik, M.R., Hasan, S. et al. Journal of Forestry Research (2011) 22: 183. doi:10.1007/s11676-011-0147-y

Author

  • Salim Azad
  • Mizanur Rahman Manik
  • Shamin Hasan
  • Abdul Matin

  • Abstract

    Seed morphology, germination and seedlings growth of Acacia auriculiformis were studied. The experiment was conducted in the nursery of Forestry and Wood Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh. Matured seeds of the species were collected from healthy trees of road side plantation from different areas of Khulna District, Bangladesh and treated with five pre-sowing treatments (control, immersion in cold water, immersion in hot water, scarification with sand paper and immersion in concentrated H2SO4). The average length, breadth and thickness were found to be (0.58±0.017) cm, (0.44±0.007) cm and (0.20±0.089) cm, respectively. Germination was conducted in polybags with a mixture of top soil, coconut husk, coarse sand, and fine sand in a ratio of 3:4:1:1. Results reveal that pre-sowing treatments influences the germination rates of seeds that significantly increase the percentage germination compared with those in control (43%) and cold water treatment (52%). The highest germination success rate was found 83% in hot water treatment followed by 78% in scarification with sand paper, and 75% with immersion in H2SO4. Germination started from 7 to 12 days and completed between 28 and 35 days period in all treatments. ANOVA showed the significant difference (p<0.05) among the treatments in seed germination, but no significant difference among treatment with regard to starting day, closing day and total germination period. In case of height and diameter growth, seedlings originated from the seeds with hot water treatment shows significantly higher in wet season (from May to July). Hot water treatment can be recommended on seed germination of the species in rural Bangladesh.

    References

    1. ADB. 1993. Forestry Master Plan. Forest Production, Government of Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p.66.
    2. Ahamed FU, Das S, Hossain MA. 1983. Effect of seed treatment on the germination of rakta kombal seeds. Bano Biggyan Patrica12(1 & 2): 62–65.
    3. Airi S, Bhatt ID, Bhatt A, Rawal RS, Dhar U. 2009. Variations in seed germination of Hippophae salicifolia with different presoaking treatments. Journal of Forestry Research20(1): 27–30.CrossRef
    4. Alam MA, Matin MA, Hoque MM, Hoque ATMR. 2005. Seed morphology and germination of Ipil Ipil (Leocaena leococephala (Lam.) De Wit.) under different conditions at nursery stage in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences4(2): 98–101.CrossRef
    5. Alamgir M, Hossain MK. 2005a. Effect of pre-sowing treatments on Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth seeds and initials development of seedlings in the nursery. Journal of Forestry and Environment3: 53–60.
    6. Alamgir M, Hossain MK. 2005b. Effect of pre-sowing treatments on germination and initials seedling development of Albizia saman in the nursery. Journal of Forestry Research16(3): 200–204.CrossRef
    7. Ali M, Akhter S, Kamaluddin M. 1997. Study on the bearing of water treatment on seed germination and seedling growth study of Albizia proceraIndian Forester123(8): 764–768.
    8. Amen RD. 1968. A model of seed dormancy. The Botanical Review34(1): 1–31.CrossRef
    9. Amin SMR, Ali MO, Fattah MIM. 1995. Eucalypts in Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of a seminar held at Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council on April 06, 1994.
    10. Azad MS, Islam MW, Matin MA, Bari MA. 2006a. Effect of pre-sowing treatment on seed germination of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. South Asian Journal of Agriculture1(2): 32–34.
    11. Azad MS, Matin MA, Islam MW, Musa ZA. 2006b. Effect of pre-sowing treatment on seed germination of Lohakath (Xylia kerrii Craib & Hutch.). Khulna University Studies7(2): 33–36.
    12. Azad MS, Musa ZA, Matin A. 2010a. Effect of pre-sowing treatments on seed germination of Melia azedarach. Journal of Forestry Research21(2): 193–196.CrossRef
    13. Azad MS, Paul NK, Matin MA. 2010b. Do pre-sowing treatments affect seed germination in Albizia richardiana and Lagerstroemia speciosa? Frontiers of Agriculture in China4(2): 181–184.CrossRef
    14. Bachelard EP. 1967. Role of seed-coat dormancy in Eucalyptus pauciflora and E. delegtensisseeds. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences4: 147–154.
    15. BBS. 1993. Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Govt. of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    16. Bhardwas SD, Chakraborty AK. 1994. Studies on time of seed collection, sowing and pre-sowing treatments of Terminalia bellirica Roxb. and Terminalia chebula Retz. Indian Forester120(5): 430–439.
    17. Bhuiyan AA. 1979. Afforestation of unclass state forests lands areas in Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. Bano Biggyan Patrika8(1&2): 64–70.
    18. Catalan LA, Macchiavelli RE. 1991. Improving germination in Prospis flexuosa D.C. and P. alba Griseb. with hot water treatments and scarification. Seed Science and Technology19: 253–262.
    19. Das DK, Alam MK. 2001. Trees of Bangladesh. Chittagong, Bangladesh: The Art Press.
    20. Das S. 1986. Nursery and plantation technique for Acacia auriculiformis. In: Bulletin-Bangladesh Forest Research Institute. Silviculture Research Division (Bangladesh), no. 7 Chittagong (Bangladesh), 33 p.
    21. Duke JA. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. New York: Plenum press..
    22. Duncan DB. 1955. Multiple Ranges and Multiple F-tests. Biometrics11: 1–42.CrossRef
    23. Hossain MK, Islam QN, Islam SA, Tarafdar MA, Zashimuddin M, Ahmed M. 1989. Assistance to the second agricultural research projects, Bangladesh. Status report on the activities of the Silvicultural Research Division, BFRI, FAO, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    24. Hossain MK, Islam SA, Zashimuddin M, Tarafdar, MA, Islam QN. 1997. Growth and biomass production of some Acacia and Eucalyptus species in degraded sal forest areas in Bangladesh. The Indian Forester123(3): 211–217.
    25. Hossain MK, Zashimuddin M, Islam SA, Tarafdar MA, Islam QN. 1994. Growth and yield of coppice crops of three Eucalyptus species in the sal forests of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Forest Science23(2): 61–66.
    26. Hossain MA, Arefin MK, Khan BM, Rahman MA. 2005. Effects of Seed Treatments on Germination and Seedling Growth Attributes of Horitaki (Terminalia chebula Retz.) in the nursery. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences1(2): 135–141.
    27. Jackson JK. 1994. Manual of afforestation in Nepal. Forest Research and Survey Center. 2nd edition: 718–724 pp.
    28. Kariuki EM. 1987. Effects of pre-sowing treatments on seed germination of four important tree species in Kenya. In: S.K. Kamra and R.D. Ayling, (eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Forest Seed Problems in Africa. Harare, Zimbabwe, 23 August 2 September 1987.143–153 pp.
    29. Khan BM, Koirala B, Hossian MK. 2001. Effect of different pre-sowing treatments on germination and seedling growth attributes in Ghora Neem (Melia azedarach L.). Malaysian Forester64(1): 14–21.
    30. Khasa PD. 1992. Scarification of limba seeds with hot water, bleach and acid. Tree Planters’ Notes43(4): 150–152.
    31. Kobmoo B, Hellum AK. 1984. Hot water and acid improve the germination of Cassia siameaBritt. Seeds. The Embryan1(1): 27–33.
    32. Koirala B, Hossain MK, Hossain MS. 2000. Effects of different pre-sowing treatments on Adenanthera pavonia L. seeds and initial seedling development in the nursery. Malaysian Forester63(2): 82–91.
    33. Latif MA, Khan SA, Bhuiyan MK. 1985. Prospects of Acacia mangium for afforestation in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Forestry35(1): 7–12.
    34. Maguire JD. 1962. Speed of germination in selection and evaluation for seedling vigour. Crop Science2: 176–177.CrossRef
    35. Matin MA, Banik RL. 1992. Effect of polybag size on growth of some forest tree seedlings of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Forest Science22(1 & 2): 37–43.
    36. Matin MA, Khan MNI. 2000. Growth performance of seven species of Albizia seedlings at the nursery stages in Bangladesh. Khulna University Studies1(2): 277–282.
    37. Matin MA, Rashid MH. 1992. Seed morphology, germination and seedling survival of Albiziatrees in the Nursery. Bangladesh Journal of Forest Science21(1 & 2): 40–45.
    38. Matin MA, Islam MS, Azad MS. 2006. Seed germination, seedling growth and rooting of branch cuttings of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. Khulna University StudiesSpecial Issue (1st Research Cell Conference): 83–87.
    39. NAS. 1979. Fire wood crops: shrub and tree species for energy production. National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA.
    40. Palani M, Dasrhgir MG, Kumaran K. 1995. Effect of pre-sowing chemical treatment on germination and seedling growth in Acacia niloticaInternational Tree Crop Journal8: 189–192.
    41. Palani M, Dasthagir MG, Kumaran K, Jerlin R. 1996. Effect of pre-sowing treatment on growth attributes of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Annals of Forestry4(1): 85–88.
    42. Rees M. 1996. Evolutionary ecology of seed dormancy and size. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Science351: 1299–1308.CrossRef
    43. Rolston MP. 1978. Water impermeable seed dormancy. The Botanical Review44(3): 365–396.CrossRef
    44. Schmidt L. 2000. Guide to handling of tropical and subtropical forest seeds. Danida Forest Seed Centre. Humlebaeck, Denmark.
    45. Teketay D. 1996. The effect of different pre-sowing treatments, temperature and light on the germination of five senna species from Ethiopia. New Forest11: 155–171.CrossRef
    46. Yadav JP. 1992. Pretreatment of teak seed to enhance germination. Indian Forester11(2): 260–264.
    47. Zabala NQ. 1990. Silviculture of species. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
    48. Zabala NQ. 1991. Plantation Silviculture. Development of professional Education in the forestry sectors. Institute of Forestry, Chittagong University, FAO. Chittagong, Bangladesh.

    For further details log on website :
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11676-011-0147-y

    No comments:

    Post a Comment