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Thursday, 13 October 2016
Suitability of Coir Fibers as Pulp and Paper
2nd International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering (CAFEi 2014) - New Trends Forward
Open Access, Creative Commons license
Nor Mazlana Main a,b
Rosnita A. Talib a,c,,
Rushdan Ibrahim d
Russly Abdul Rahman a,c
Ainun Zuriyati Mohamed e
aDepartment of Food and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
bDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
cHalal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
dForest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM),52109 Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia
eInstitute of Tropical Foresty and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Available online 29 November 2014.
This study was to investigate the suitability of coir fibers as an alternative material in making pulp and paper. Maceration process was used to characterize the fiber. Soda-AQ pulping with various combinations of active alkali (18-22%) and cooking time (90-150 minutes) at fixed temperature was done. Physical properties evaluated were density, brightness, opacity, scattering coefficient, tear, burst and tensile index. As concentration of active alkali and cooking time increased, the physical properties values also increased, except for the opacity and scattering coefficient. The optimum condition for producing the strongest paper is using 22% active alkali in 120 minutes.
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