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Tuesday, 29 November 2016
Characterization of Biomass Pellet Made from Solid Waste Oil Palm Industry
Published Date 2014, Vol.20:336–341, doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.042 The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security SUSTAIN 2013 Open Access, Creative Commons license
Sasa Sofyan Munawar a,b,,
Bambang Subiyanto b
aResearch and Development Unit for Biomaterials, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Cibinong, Bogor, 16911, Indonesia
bCenter for Inovation, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Cibinong, Bogor, 16912, Indonesia
Available online 2 May 2014. Abstract To utilize various potential agricultural residues, pellet making was performed and the pellets obtained were characterized in this study. Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB), oil palm frond (OPF), oil palm shell (OPS) and oil palm mesocarp (OPM) were employed as feedstock. Biopellet production was started with material crushing to get uniform material and then continued with pellet forming. Pellet making was conducted using conventional pelletizer under temperatures of 150, 200 and 250 °C for 15 minutes. Some characteristics were measured to determine biopellet quality, i.e. moisture content, density, ash content and calorific value. Based on the water content, ash content, density and calorific value, OPM biopellets that pressed at 200 and 250 °C showed the best formula. The characteristics of this biopellet were moisture content of 1.7-1.9%, ash of 6.85-7.45%, and calorific value of 3,814-4,724 kcal/kg. Keywords
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