Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Preformed amide-containing biopolymer for improving the environmental performance of synthesized urea–formaldehyde in agro-fiber composites

Author: Basta, Altaf H.; El-Saied, Houssni; Winandy, Jerrold E.Sabo, Ronald
Date: 2011
Source: Journal of polymers and the environment. Vol. 19, no. 2 (June 2011): p. 405–412. 
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: Investigations have continued for production high performance agro-based composites using environmentally acceptable approaches. This study examines the role of adding amide-containing biopolymers during synthesis of urea–formaldehyde (UF) on properties of adhesive produced, especially its adhesion potential. The environmental performance of UF-resin synthesized in the presence of modified amide-containing biopolymer was evaluated by evaluating the free-HCHO of both adhesive (during processing) and of the eventual engineered composite product. Also, the benefits of this synthesis-modified adhesive in enhancing the bondability of sugar-cane fibers used in engineered composite panels was evaluated and compared to using UF-resin. The results obtained show that, static bending of the produced composites varied from 27.7 to 33.13 N/mm2 of modulus of rupture (MOR) and from 2860 to 3374 N/mm2 of Modulus of Elasticity (MOE); while for internal bond (IB) it’s varied from 0.64 to 0.866 N/mm2. Based on the ANSI and EN Standards modified UF-based agro composites produced meet the performance requirements for high grade particleboards with respect to static bending strength. These agro-based composite also tested out as having free-HCHO values of ~ 13 mg/100 g board.
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Citation:

Basta, Altaf H.; El-Saied, Houssni; Winandy, Jerrold E.; Sabo, Ronald; 2011. Preformed amide-containing biopolymer for improving the environmental performance of synthesized urea–formaldehyde in agro-fiber composites. Journal of polymers and the environment. Vol. 19, no. 2 (June 2011): p. 405–412. 

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http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/38661

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