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Thursday, 24 November 2016

Plantlet regeneration through somatic embryogenesis in Nordmann’s fir (Abies nordmanniana)

Published Date
Volume 27, Issue 6pp 1219–1228

Original Paper
DOI: 10.1007/s11676-016-0265-7

Cite this article as: 
Nawrot-Chorabik, K. J. For. Res. (2016) 27: 1219. doi:10.1007/s11676-016-0265-7

  • Katarzyna Nawrot-Chorabik

I studied the influence of various combinations of auxin and cytokinin concentrations, and the increased content of zinc and enzymatic casein hydrolizate in SH medium on initiation and proliferation of embryogenic callus of Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach. Additionally, the effect of ABA, PEG-4000 and different wavelengths on the maturation of somatic embryos was tested. The use of optimum composition of modified SH medium with BA, KIN and 2.4-D while simultaneously ensuring appropriate external conditions resulted in 15.5 % embryogenesis. Finally, satisfactory results of micropropagation of A. nordmanniana by somatic embryogenesis were obtained providing seven lines of embryogenic callus with high proliferation capacity. Those lines gave properly developed seedlings in white LED light with a wavelength of 400-700 nm, preceded by eight-week vernalization treatment of the callus. This paper may provide a protocol by which all stages of somatic embryogenesis of A. nordmanniana can be carried out, including the preceding 24-h seed disinfection with NaOCl and PVP, which resulted in 100 % frequency of uninfected zygotic embryos that were capable of starting embryogenesis.


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