Monday, 14 November 2016

Transformation of Actinidia Species (Kiwifruit)

Published Date
Volume 66 of the series Forestry Sciences pp 191-225

Author 

  • Eddo Rugini
  • Massimo Muganu
  • Patricia Gutiérrez Pesce

Abstract

The name genus Actinidia,which is derived from Greek “aktis”= iradiation for its radiate stigma, was attributed by Nathaniel Wallich, a Dane, to plants found in Nepal. Now the common name Kiwi or Kiwifruit accepted world wide, was first given in New Zealand for the resemblance of the fruit to the homonymous bird, symbol of the country. Other names were attributed in other kiwi growing countries: ‘Chinese gooseberries’ in U.S.A., ‘Groseille de China’ in France, ‘Mao-yantao’ or ‘Mao-ertao’ and ‘Yang-tao’ or ‘Yang-taw’, with bristly hair and soft hair, respectively, in China, ‘Actinidia’ the plant and ‘Kiwi’ the fruit, in Italy. This chapter will describe briefly the history of kiwi, the problems of species and cultivars, problems related to conventional breeding, and will focus on procedures for kiwi transformation and the choice of suitable genes with emphasis on the main problems faced until now.

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