F. A. Hammerschlag
In their book chapter on Malus, Way et al. (1991) included a quote by prize winning apple artist Roseanne Sanders (Sanders, 1988) who wrote ‘From the garden of Eden to the Big Apple, from William Tell to Johnny Appleseed, to Paris of Troy who gave the troublesome golden apple to Aphrodite which started the Trojan War, the apple has occupied a very special place in our affections both as a symbol and as one of the simplest and most delicious of Nature’s gifts’. In this chapter, I will discuss briefly the history of apple, problems of commercial apple cultivars, conventional breeding solutions to apple problems, and then will focus on apple transformation, with an emphasis on strategies to improve the efficiency of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.
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