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Thursday, 15 September 2016

Outdoor weathering performance parameters of exterior wood coating systems on tropical hardwood substrates

Published Date
Volume 72, Issue 2pp 261–272

DOI: 10.1007/s00107-014-0779-7

Cite this article as: 
De Windt, I., Van den Bulcke, J., Wuijtens, I. et al. Eur. J. Wood Prod. (2014) 72: 261. doi:10.1007/s00107-014-0779-7

  • Jan Van den Bulcke
  • Inge Wuijtens
  • Hugo Coppens
  • Joris Van Acker

  • Abstract

    Wood coating research almost exclusively focuses on softwood as substrate despite the fact that coatings applied on tropical hardwoods show a different weathering behaviour. The objective of this study was to quantify the impact of wood substrate and coating type on the weathering behaviour of finished wooden joinery in outdoor exposure using a set of statistical methods. Therefore, a broad range of white opaque paints and mid-oak semi-transparent stains were used. The coatings were industrially applied on window frames made of frequently used commercial tropical hardwood species. The general appearance of the wood/coating systems was assessed visually using a rating scale that takes into account the anatomical characteristics of hardwood. For the evaluation, a required minimum exposure time of 2.5 years outdoor weathering for joinery in vertical position and facing south-west was determined. At 30 months best performances were recorded for waterborne alkyd primers with an acrylic topcoat when dry coating film was sufficiently thick. The dry layer thickness also affected the impact of the hiding power on the performance of the wood/coating system. Within hardwood species the degradation rate of coatings on species with a fine texture was the lowest. The significant influence of the substrate’s texture on the weathering behaviour of coated hardwood stressed the need to evaluate the wood/coating system in total.

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